Nicaragua, the Central American country just north of Costa Rica, is in an economic and political crisis.
In 2007, President Daniel Ortega took office. Since then, Ortega’s government has removed opposing political parties and lawmakers from office.
The Supreme Court of Justice has upheld Electoral Council decisions, undermining political rights and allowed Ortega to create a constitutional prohibition on re-election, which let him run for a second term.
His party secured a 79% majority in Congress in 2016, allowing it to create fast-track institutional reforms that gave the president direct control over the police and army, allowed him to legislate by decree and run for indefinite re-election.
In April 2018, massive anti-government protests broke out throughout the country and police brutally opressed them, killing over 324 people and injuring over 2,000.
Lack of coverage is due to reporters being oppressed, harassed or imprisoned by government officials or pro-government groups. Often times, international reporters will have their equipment confiscated and they will be sent back to their home country.
Many Nicaraguans are seeking refugee status in Costa Rica because of the political instability and the lack of safety. In 2018 more than 20,000 Nicaraguans applied for asylum in Costa Rica.
However, Nicaraguans are not welcome with open arms into Costa Rica. They face discrimation and, if undocumented, a lack of resources available for them to use.
To learn more about the situation in Nicaragua, follow this link.